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By leveraging cloud-native software development, enterprises gain agility in delivering critical applications at a rapid pace and achieve operational efficiency, safety, and flexibility to innovate and improve customer experience.
Collect knowledge about approaches and practices supporting software development in the cloud.
Cloud-native software development is a process of building and improving scalable, robust, and highly innovative applications using cloud-native components - microservices and containers, and following 12-factor application principles. Enterprises developing software for the cloud gain agility and operational efficiency required to innovate faster, respond quickly to the customer needs, and reduce the cost of application maintenance. Cloud-native apps consisting of microservices, can be improved elastically. Development teams can work on different microservices without affecting the way the app works. Such technology allows companies to continuously improve their services without distraction to end-users. Along with agility in software delivery, cloud-native apps ensure security and reliability, highly valued when it comes to providing critical software.
Containers allow developers to pack numerous apps and their dependencies like libraries, configuration files, and binaries into one package and run it in a virtualized environment. In cloud-native application architecture, where every app is split into microservices, containers are the tools accelerating deployments by giving access to a specific set of resources. Development teams can automate their works by connecting instances that require the same operations and implement improvements collectively. While microservices provide developers with agility to work on smaller parts of the app, containers empower them to gather these single tasks and implement bulk changes.
The twelve-factor app principles standardize cloud-native software development and support developers in delivering cloud-native applications. Proclaimed as a methodology for building software-as-a-service, the approach focuses on DevOps and works well in an environment consisting of microservices, containers, and CI/CD pipelines. As 12-factor app practices help in building modern and innovative applications in the cloud, they describe how to approach codebase, dependencies, config, and backing services. Furthermore, the methodology provides developers with precise tips on managing Build, Release, and Run stages. To complete the guide, they described best practices in dealing with processes, port binding, concurrency, disposability, dev-prod parity, logs, and admin processes.
Extreme programming is a software development framework, designed to improve both the quality of developers' life and the quality of developed software. Enterprises that practice extreme programming follow these 12 rules that simplify yet accelerate their work. The framework encourages companies to enhance communication, knowledge transfer, ownership, and continuous development. To improve the way developers share their knowledge and help their colleagues build new skills, teams adopt pair programming - an approach in which developers work in pairs - one person develops code and the second person verifies and helps to learn new things.
Competing with disruptive startups, enterprises adapt their approach to software delivery, known as lean startup methodology. The idea encourages development teams to deliver software products iteratively, where new features and solutions are tested by users - their feedback and overall experience is decisive in further development. In such an approach, ideas are quickly implemented into products and verified by customer experience. It allows product owners to build customer-centric solutions that meet user needs and leverage instant feedback.
Cloud-native applications are built as a system of multiple smaller applications, called microservices. The microservice architecture enables development teams to develop single functionalities and features independently. Applications divided into smaller parts can be easily scaled and improved, as changes in a particular microservice do not affect other ones. In such an application, instances can be added to a chosen service that needs to handle an increased workload. While moving from a monolith architecture to microservices, enterprises gain the agility required to innovate faster, security as its easier to tackle issues occurring in a specific microservice, and visible savings in maintenance costs.
Container orchestration is a process of managing the entire lifecycles of containers. Enterprises use container orchestration tools to run operations at scale while managing hundreds of apps and containers becomes challenging. By applying container orchestration to their software development process, companies automate provisioning and deployments, supervise containers redundancy and availability, control movement of containers between hosts and allocation of resources between containers, and monitoring the health of resources. Orchestration enables developers to save the time required to configure apps and containers manually.
DevOps is a holistic culture determining the way companies design, build, and develop software. Combined with cloud-native technologies, DevOps enables enterprises to increase the quality of their software, improve customer experience by reacting quickly to the client demand, and adapt fast to the changes in the market. DevOps revolutionize collaboration between development, operations, and business teams to make everyone responsible for the software the company provides. In such an environment, communication is transparent, which leads to higher engagement in product development and support for constant improvements.
CI/CD pipeline is a set of implemented rules and practices determining and automating the collaboration between development and operations teams on the basic stages of software development - building, testing, and deployment. CI/CD pipelines shorten and accelerate application development by providing developers with clear and proven paths. CI/CD improves software quality and allows implementing changes based on testing and feedback. Every application developed using this approach, have to go through a standardized process that aims to ensure reliability, safety, and useability of delivered software.